When the skin comes into contact with an irritant it may become:
- swollen; and/or
People can develop skin allergies to substances they have been exposed to for long period of
time, which is why occupational causes of skin disorders are very common. Skin
cancer is another problem caused by the environment.
Environmental factors in skin disorders and skin cancer include:
- household cleaning detergents ;
- latex-containing boots and gloves;
- metals including nickel and arsenic;
- oil and tar;
- dyes; and
Air pollution can also affect the skin.†Dust clogs pores and increases bacteria, causing acne and other skin blemishes. Chemicals in the air can break down the skinís oils, destroying the skinís ability to trap moisture. An excess of exposure may harm the skinís ability to repair itself, making it easier for cancer to multiply. †
The sunís ultraviolet radiation can damage skin, breaking down collagen and elastin, causing it to sag and wrinkle, or creating brown spots.†These harmful rays can also mutate skin cells and cause skin cancer. Since children have the most exposure to outdoor conditions, it is vital that children wear sunscreen.†
A personís diet also affects the skin. A lack of vitamins B, C, or A will cause dry skin and rashes.†Also, water contaminated with lead, bacteria, arsenic or nitrate harms the skin and may lead to cancer.